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Monday, August 4, 2008


The feat called Hypnognotism is in effect as follows: Performer introduces lady and after hypnotizing her, blindfolds her, by placing a hood or bag of impenetrable material over her head, which fastens by tightening a cord under her chin or around her neck. This bag or hood it examined beforehand, placed over flame of candle, to prove that it will not even show light through it, and is placed over spectator's head, who will vouch for it being impenetrable.

On the stage is a large easel, with large sheets of glass in an upright position. The glass is removable and can be replaced by another sheet when necessary; on a small table are crayons of various colors, placed so the performer knows the place of each color, and a stick of soap with which to draw on the glass.

Performer announces that for the first test, he should like to have some spectator whisper in his ear the name of any object, or design which he desires drawn by medium, say an animal, flower, cross, anchor, face, etc. When request is whispered into performer's ear, for example; "draw an elephant," the performer faces the medium who rises from chair, takes up crayon and draws the elephant. Performer does not speak one word, or make any gestures, or even walk.

For second test performer says: "we will now draw in the same manner, a composite, or combination picture, either a landscape, marine view, fruit picture, or anything else. Various spectators will please suggest the composite part of the picture." He steps up to someone and asks: "shall it be a landscape, marine or fruit?" Say a landscape is chosen. He then asks another spectator: "shall we have a clear or clouded sky or a sunset?" Next he asks: "shall we have a mountain in the background," etc., until he has collected ten or twelve requests for the composite picture, like this for instance: landscape with lake, waterfall in background, 2 large trees in front, shrubbery, a road-way, fence, 3 ships on lake, birds in air, sunset, sky, etc., of course performer must take care that no one suggests ships when there is no water, or lighthouse in a country landscape.

The next test is a coin test.

Performer asks for a coin of any value and says the medium will draw it in yellow if gold, in white if silver, blue if nickle, red if copper, so as to show its value and date, then medium draws picture. It appears reversed on the glass.

The next test: A visiting card is asked for and medium steps over to glass, and standing behind it writes the name backwards, thus: .htimS .N .J It will read from front side of glass: J. N. Smith. The reason for doing this will be seen later on, but audience are told that picture or object seems to be reflected upon medium's mind as a picture in a mirror, and while that makes no difference in drawing flowers, since they appear the same, but it does make a difference in names and figures, that is why glass is used instead of paper in all tests where letters or figures are transmitted.

A watch is asked for and owner sets it at any arbitrary time. Medium draws it as if it were figures, that is, as it would appear in a mirror.

Number, series, and value of bank note is transmitted next.

If it happens to be anything but a U. S. Treasury note, the name of the national bank is also included. A number or figure is whispered in performer's ear, and lastly a word or name of a city or of an eminent man is whispered to him and they are reproduced by medium. Other tests may be introduced ad libitum, such as a domino being selected and drawn, a word from a book, etc., etc.

Explanation-- First to be explained is the bag or hood or blindfold. Get some black or very dark flannel and crape such as used for widows' veils. First make a bag of flannel to fit over the head, neither too loose nor too tight. Now cut your crape in same shape, but about a quarter of an inch wider and one or two inches longer, so as to fit over the flannel bag, making a hem from three quarters to an inch wide; through it run a ribbon or string with which to tighten bag around neck. Now sew the hem to the flannel, but only half way around, this will admit of putting head between crape and flannel, as the crape is transparent, medium can see every move, or motion of performer.

When you are ready to use hood, prepare it by taking black thread, place into a needle and at the end of the thread, before knotting, place a small black bead, then sew up the open side with loose stitches and leave the bead on the inside; draw up until bead is close to cloth, and cut off the thread on the other end nearest needle.

The hood will stand temporary examination, while performer turns with it to stage, he simply takes hold of the bead and can withdraw the entire thread with one pull. The head of the medium is placed so he or she can see through the crape and the string is drawn around the neck, this is the reason that the hem is only in the crape and not in flannel also.

While the medium can see everything, her face cannot be seen, when the proper kind of crape is used, neither too thick nor too thin; there must be no light directly behind the medium.

If one thickness of crape is too flimsy, use two.

The transmission of the requests of audience depends upon a kind of finger alphabet, or deaf and dumb language, there being several kinds, but the following method is most serviceable and if the performer uses judgment, no one will attach the least importance to it, and yet he will be able to transmit almost any desired word in five seconds.

The letters of the alphabet as well as the figures are given by playing with the watch chain, and the right hand alone gives them. Therefore, first let us say, that performer making his introductory speech or lecture, already should play with his chain, twist it around his finger, etc. The left hand has nothing to do with these signs, it is used to transmit other information. Here are signs for the left hand first.

Code "A"-- Left hand and arm hanging down by side: I am giving numbers. Left hand akimbo at hip: I am spelling something. Left hand at lapel of coat, near top button: I am giving abbreviations. If left hand moves slightly, say three inches or so, while in any of these positions: I am giving a color by its number. Shifting your weight from one foot to the other, means: I am starting or I am through.

This last sign is used in the following way: If performer only kept his right hand at the chain when necessary it might arouse suspicion, therefore the medium must receive some signal when the performer commences signaling. That is done by standing with the legs a few inches apart; and-shifting the weight of the body from one leg to the other, which gives a kind of swaying motion to the body scarcely noticeable to the uninitiated, but enough for the medium.

When through giving signs, instead of always moving hand from the chain suddenly, which would also be suspicious, keep your hand there but shift your weight back to the other foot, meaning, "all through," then even if yon keep up the playing with the chain, medium knows that there is no further meaning to it.

Code "B"-- Next we come to the signs of the right hand. We will first explain the 10 figures: It is to be presumed that the performer wears a dress coat, with a low cut vest and carries his watch in his lower left hand vest pocket, with the staple in second or middle button-hole. It is advisable to have the chain several inches longer than usual length. The chain itself has nothing to do with the signaling, it is the right hand alone that must be watched by medium and on whatever portion of the vest the finger-tips rest, indicates what number is meant.

For figure 1, pick up chain at "X", its middle, and place fingertips against bottom of vest, directly in a perpendicular line from the watch pocket. No. 9 Fingertips at watch pocket.

No. 3 Above watch pocket, near upper pocket. One, Two and Three are on the left side of the vest.

No. 4 At bottom of vest where the two parts of vest meet.

No. 5 At or near the staple.

Four, Five and Six are in the centre of vest, for cipher the sign is made by twisting the chain around right thumb, without the help of the fingers. The chain should generally be held by its centre when it will be easy to reach the various portions of the vest. For One, Four and Seven, go as low down as the chain will permit, for Three Six and Nine as high as you can.

Suppose you had to transmit 1892, which is whispered into your ear. While still bending down to the person who whispered to you, you take hold of chain at "X" in an aimless way, and straightening up face the medium, let your left arm hang, which means, I am giving numbers, and when you see that medium is ready for you, shift your weight, which means, "begin"; at the same time place the right hand at One, that is, let the fingertips touch the bottom of the vest below the watch pocket.

The hand must not be stiff. It can play with the chain, twirling it slightly, but it must be at One, leave it there a second or two and then slowly take it to Eight. Do not make the movements jerky, but deliberately and aimlessly, and remember that no matter if the hand is held from above or from the side, the tips of the fingers must be at the figure.

Then follows Nine, that is, you simply bring your hand about two or three inches higher up, still playing, and then finally take it slowly and carelessly to the watch pocket, which is Two. Never drop your chain suddenly, but shift your weight, which means all through.

The entire signaling should not occupy more than from 5 to 8 seconds; with practice, 30 to 50 letters per minute which is about one word in 10 seconds can be communicated, long words may be abbreviated.

We now come to a description of the alphabet. We omit K and Q at first. A is made just as figure one, B as two, C as three, D as four, E as five, F as six, G as seven, H as eight and I as nine. Then we begin over again: J is one, L is two, M is three, N is four, O is five, P is six, R is seven, S is eight, T is nine, but for these letters J to T shake the chain a little, while in former case, A to I, hand is held almost quiet, twirling the chain slightly will not give a decided motive. Shaking the chain gives a decided up and down motion to the hand and is distinctly visible even at 50 or 60 feet distance.

Care must be taken that the finger tips remain near the places one, two, etc., and not midway between any two numbers. Practice before a mirror, so as not to get the habit of looking at the hand, and see that the movements look careless and not stiff, jerky or violent.

The letters U and W are given same as cipher, by twisting chain around thumb, describing a circle with hand, but in U, circle is made at 4, 1, 2 and 5 that is, on the lower left side of vest, in W it is made at 5, 2, 6 or upper left of vest. The remaining letters K and Q are given by twisting chain around first or index finger this will make the circles go in the opposite direction.

The remaining letters are given by a kind of whip movement.

Grip the chain tightly between first and second finger and thumb, and make a stroke up and down, as if the chain were a whip. This will give to the hand a kind of violent up and down movement. If made in centre of vest and only once it is a Y, if near numbers 4, 5, 4, if twice in quick succession it means Z. If at watch pocket twice, 1-2-1-9, it means X.

This alphabet should be thoroughly learned and diligently practiced, using small words to start. To show where one word ends and the next one begins, drop chain from right hand, remove hand three or four inches and then pick it up again at X for next word.

Don't forget to shift your weight at beginning and end of sentence. If figures are mixed in with words, for example, house with three windows, drop your left hand at end of "house with," to side, and make the three, then raise it again to hip and spell the next word.

Code "D" Colors-- No. 1 red, No. 2 white, No. 8 blue, No. 4 black, No. 5 brown, No. 6 yellow, No. 7 gray, No. 8 green, No. 9 silver, No. 0 gold. See code for color signs of left hand. Take a complicated example, white house with red doors, and three yellow windows. Play with chain until ready, left hand at hip, "spelling," shift weight, "ready," bend elbow back, "giving figure 2," which means color 2 or white, elbow forward and drop chain, "end of word," pick up chain and spell "house," drop chain, "end of word," bend elbow back, "color," pick up chain and give No. 1 meaning color 1 or red, elbow forward again, drop chain, pick up again and spell door, drop chain, end of word. Drop left hand to side, giving figures and make 3, raise left hand an inch or two, which means color in that position, (see code A) give 6, color 6, or yellow, drop chain, raise left hand to hip, spelling again, pick up chain once more and spell window, shift weight.

This last example is given without trying to abbreviate and is necessarily much longer than could be accomplished by abbreviations. We will now give an example of code used in abbreviating and which one can follow or improve on to suit themselves.

If you get a suggestion whispered, say an elephant for example, you face medium and give C, A, E--C for class, A for animal, E for elephant, etc.

Test No. 2, drawing of compound pictures. Make a separate list of abbreviations for the various articles forming the picture.

After collecting the various suggestions, turn toward medium and give her in 4, 5 or 6 letters and outline. The first letter showing whether it shall be a landscape, marine view, or fruit picture. For example, L. M. L. H. R., meaning landscape with mountains, lake house and road. This can be transmitted in about 5 seconds, medium picks up crayons and makes a rough outline of picture in black, then turns and while picking up the necessary colors of crayons gives the details, for example: 9 T, two trees. 3 B, three boats, and in this manner proceed until the entire picture is finished.

Card Test-- If a plain card, left hand hanging.

If a face card, left hand at hip. 1, clubs, 9, diamonds, 3, hearts, 4, spades. 1, ace, 2, deuce, 3. tray, 4, four, 5, five, 6, six, 7, seven, 8, eight, 9, nine, 0 ten, hand hanging. 1, Jack, 2, Queen, 3, King, hand at hip. For example, King of spades: place hand at hip, and give 3-4, the 4 for spades and the 3 for King. For six of diamonds, hand hanging, give 2 for diamonds, 6, for six.

The date is given backwards, and the century if 18, is omitted, if 17, the 7 only, is given, for example a 50 cent piece of 1863 is transmitted by 2, 6, 3, 6. The first two shows silver, the six shows 50 cents, the three is the last and the six the second last figure of date, this would be drawn by medium, reversed. The performer explains this by saying, the medium follows the dictation of my mind, but appears as though all suggestions are not caught as given, but exactly the reverse, as a picture in a mirror, or a negative in a photograph.

This bluff enables the performer in all such tests where spelling is necessary, to give the signs at one time, for the medium standing behind the glass facing performer and does not have to turn around as would be the case in drawing on the paper.

The coin test paves the way for the visiting card test, ask for any visiting card and spell the name backwards to medium, first give her two letters, when she has drawn the first one, or really the last one, give one more and in that manner keep one letter ahead all the time.

The watch test is similar to coin test, but it is done on the glass.

1-Gold hunting case. S-Silver hunting case. 3-nickle hunting case. 4-Gold open face. 5-Silver open face. 6-Nickle open face. Left hand at hip if stem winder. Left hand hanging if key winder. Example-Gold open face watch with extra dial for seconds and stem winder, time 4.48. Signs, left hand at hip, stem winder. 4-Gold open face, shaking chain, little dial, 3. 4-6, making 4 signs in all. This drawn in reverse on glass which from front will show 12 minutes of 5, gold.

The figures may be omitted in drawing, to save time.

Bank note test: This will hardly need description. 1-equals $1.00, 2-$9.00, 3-$5.00, 4-$10.00, 5-$20.00, 6-$50.00, 7-$100.00, 8-$200.00, 9-$500.00, 10-$1000.00.

You spell and give the numbers backwards, just the same as in visiting card test, giving the value first.

The whispered word test-- This test is executed just like the visiting card test, spell backwards, one letter at a time and written on glass.

Other tests will readily suggest themselves and in fact they are without limit.

The tests should be so arranged that each varies from the one preceding it. Don't introduce a visiting card and a whispered word test in succession. They are too near alike.

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